Question: What Is Subquery In SQL With Examples?

Where we can use subquery in SQL?

A subquery is used to return data that will be used in the main query as a condition to further restrict the data to be retrieved.

Subqueries can be used with the SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements along with the operators like =, <, >, >=, <=, IN, BETWEEN, etc..

How do you write an inner query?

A subquery can be placed in a number of SQL clauses like WHERE clause, FROM clause, HAVING clause. You can use Subquery with SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT, DELETE statements along with the operators like =, <, >, >=, <=, IN, BETWEEN, etc. A subquery is a query within another query.

What is procedure in SQL?

SQL Stored Procedures for SQL Server A stored procedure is a prepared SQL code that you can save, so the code can be reused over and over again. … You can also pass parameters to a stored procedure, so that the stored procedure can act based on the parameter value(s) that is passed.

What is scalar subquery in SQL?

A scalar subquery expression is a subquery that returns exactly one column value from one row. The value of the scalar subquery expression is the value of the select list item of the subquery. If the subquery returns 0 rows, then the value of the scalar subquery expression is NULL .

What is subquery example?

A subquery is a SQL query within a query. They are nested queries that provide data to the enclosing query. Subqueries can return individual values or a list of records. Note that subquery statements are enclosed between parenthesis.

What is subquery and its types in SQL?

Type of Subqueries Single row subquery : Returns zero or one row. Multiple row subquery : Returns one or more rows. Multiple column subqueries : Returns one or more columns. Correlated subqueries : Reference one or more columns in the outer SQL statement.

How do I write multiple subqueries in SQL?

Multiple row subquery returns one or more rows to the outer SQL statement. You may use the IN, ANY, or ALL operator in outer query to handle a subquery that returns multiple rows. Contents: Using IN operator with a Multiple Row Subquery.

What is trigger in SQL?

A trigger is a special type of stored procedure that automatically runs when an event occurs in the database server. DML triggers run when a user tries to modify data through a data manipulation language (DML) event. DML events are INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statements on a table or view.

Is SQL a query?

A query is a question or inquiry about a set of data. We use Structured Query Language (SQL) to retrieve meaningful and relevant information from databases. When building a structure, we pull data from tables and fields. The fields are columns in the database table, while the actual data makes up the rows.

What are views in SQL?

In SQL, a view is a virtual table based on the result-set of an SQL statement. A view contains rows and columns, just like a real table. … You can add SQL functions, WHERE, and JOIN statements to a view and present the data as if the data were coming from one single table.

Which is faster joins or subqueries?

The advantage of a join includes that it executes faster. The retrieval time of the query using joins almost always will be faster than that of a subquery. By using joins, you can maximize the calculation burden on the database i.e., instead of multiple queries using one join query.

How do I display multiple rows in one record in SQL?

Here is the example.Create a database.Create 2 tables as in the following.Execute this SQL Query to get the student courseIds separated by a comma. USE StudentCourseDB. SELECT StudentID, CourseIDs=STUFF. ( ( SELECT DISTINCT ‘, ‘ + CAST(CourseID AS VARCHAR(MAX)) FROM StudentCourses t2. WHERE t2.StudentID = t1.StudentID.

What is difference between join and subquery?

Joins and subqueries are both used to combine data from different tables into a single result. … Subqueries can be used to return either a scalar (single) value or a row set; whereas, joins are used to return rows. A common use for a subquery may be to calculate a summary value for use in a query.

How do I have multiple rows in SQL?

If you want to insert more rows than that, you should consider using multiple INSERT statements, BULK INSERT or a derived table. Note that this INSERT multiple rows syntax is only supported in SQL Server 2008 or later. To insert multiple rows returned from a SELECT statement, you use the INSERT INTO SELECT statement.

How do I select multiple rows in SQL?

Now to get to your question, as others before me answered you can use the IN clause: SELECT * FROM users WHERE ( id IN (1,2,..,n) ); or, if you wish to limit to a list of records between id 20 and id 40, then you can easily write: SELECT * FROM users WHERE ( ( id >= 20 ) AND ( id <= 40 ) );