Quick Answer: What Is Meant By Varchar?

Is varchar a SQL?

So what is varchar in SQL.

As the name suggests, varchar means character data that is varying.

Also known as Variable Character, it is an indeterminate length string data type.

It can hold numbers, letters and special characters..

What does varchar 50 mean?

Varchar(50) stores a maximum of 50 characters. Varchar(max) stores a maximum of 2,147,483,647 characters. But, varchar(50) keeps the 50 character space even if you don’t store 50 characters. but varchar(max) is flexible to any size.

Which is better char or varchar?

CHAR is a fixed length field; VARCHAR is a variable length field. If you are storing strings with a wildly variable length such as names, then use a VARCHAR, if the length is always the same, then use a CHAR because it is slightly more size-efficient, and also slightly faster.

What is varchar in SQL with example?

VARCHAR is a variable length string data type, so it holds only the characters you assign to it. VARCHAR takes up 1 byte per character, + 2 bytes to hold length information. For example, if you set a VARCHAR(100) data type = ‘Jen’, then it would take up 3 bytes (for J, E, and N) plus 2 bytes, or 5 bytes in all.

What is char and varchar?

CHAR stands for “Character” VARCHAR stands for “Variable Character” 4. Storage size of CHAR datatypes is equal to n bytes i.e. set length. Storage size of VARCHAR datatype is equal to the actual length of the entered string in bytes.

What does varchar MAX mean?

varchar [ ( n | max ) ] Variable-size string data. Use n to define the string size in bytes and can be a value from 1 through 8,000 or use max to indicate a column constraint size up to a maximum storage of 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB).

What is varchar length?

Values in VARCHAR columns are variable-length strings. The length can be specified as a value from 0 to 65,535. The effective maximum length of a VARCHAR is subject to the maximum row size (65,535 bytes, which is shared among all columns) and the character set used.

Which is faster char or varchar?

VARCHAR is used to store variable length character strings up to 4000 characters. But, remember CHAR is faster than VARCHAR – some times up to 50% faster.

What is difference between char varchar and text?

CHAR items, which are fixed length, are the fastest to store and retrieve but can waste storage space. VARCHAR, a variable-length string, can be slower to store and retrieve but does not waste storage space. TEXT is a character BLOB that requires more storage space and I/O than the other two.

What does varchar 20 mean?

The data type of varchar is Variable-length with non-Unicode character data. The storage size is the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. • For varchar (20): The max storage size is: 20*1 byte +2 bytes=22 bytes; •

Does varchar size matter?

VARCHAR stores varying length and CHAR always use the same exact size no matter the size of the string. For example, CHAR(4) will always store 4 bytes, whereas VARCHAR(4) will store up to 5 bytes.

What does varchar 255 mean?

If you specify it as VARCHAR(255), that means that the column will reserve 1 byte + length of the string bytes. That 1 byte indicates how long the string is. 1 byte = you can have from 0 – 255 values stored (2 to the power of 8 = 256).